People are often confused, however, as to when and which type of POA is needed. At the RJ Fichera Law Firm, we will review your estate and specific concerns and advise you if and which POA is best for you, your unique situation, and your estate plan. Contact us either online or at 610-768-9255 to schedule a Free Consultation to learn more about how and why a POA can complement your estate plan in Pennsylvania.
A Power of Attorney is the legal authorization for one person, the agent, to act on behalf of another person, the principal. Often called a letter of attorney or just a "POA," they are a common element of estate planning as they let a person who is losing their ability to manage their own affairs choose someone they trust to make decisions for them.
A Durable POA takes effect immediately upon your signature unless the POA states otherwise and allows your agent to continue acting on your behalf even when you are incapacitated. A durable POA terminates only when you die or when a revocation of POA form is issued.
A Non-durable POA takes effect immediately upon your signature unless the POA states otherwise. It does not allow your agent to continue acting on your behalf when you become incapacitated. In the latter scenario, only a court-appointed guardian or conservator can make decisions on your behalf.
A Medical POA is sometimes referred to as an advance directive because it allows you to appoint a healthcare agent to make medical decisions for you when you cannot do so. It is limited by your specific medical preferences, and any other directive you may have as part of your estate plan, like a living will or a Do Not Resuscitate (DNR) form.
A General POA allocates broad powers to the agent to act on financial, business, real estate, and legal matters. This POA is limited only by the terms set out in the POA or by any relevant state statute.
A Limited (Special) POA allows the agent to act for a specific purpose, and once that purpose is accomplished, the POA expires.
A Springing POA takes effect if/when a certain event or medical condition occurs as specified in the POA. It ends at a specified time as outlined in the POA or if/when you become incapacitated or die.
A Power of Attorney is a useful tool for people who are planning their estate but who are losing the ability to understand the repercussions of their decisions and actions. By giving an agent the power to make those decisions, a principal can rest assured that someone is taking care of them.
A POA is common in the following situations:
There are, of course, other reasons why you may need or want a Power of Attorney created. Conferring with us is the best way for you to identify and determine what will work best for you.
Each state has its own requirements for creating a Powers of Attorney, though most are based on the parties and witnesses signing a Power of Attorney form. Because having the power to make financial and medical decisions for someone else is such a serious matter, each state incorporates formalities that must be followed to:
Many states require a witness along with notarization. Contact us to find out exactly what the process is so that you don't make mistakes that could prompt delays or problems.
Powers of Attorney are powerful tools to make sure your finances and other business or personal matters are properly managed while you are incapacitated or otherwise unable to oversee them yourself. You can speak to an experienced estate planning attorney at the RJ Fichera Law Firm to discuss Estate Planning generally and Powers of Attorney as part of your Estate Plan specifically.
We always believe that our clients make better choices for themselves and their loved ones when they are well informed and adequately prepared. Contact us directly at 610-768-9255 or online today to schedule a Free Consultation.
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